General documents

During the two stakeholder events, the overall Programme Strategy and an overview of the 4 Priority Axes will be presented.

In this Section you can download the last version of the Cooperation Programme draft and leave your comments to contribute to the drafting process, between the 17th and the 24th of June.

Here below you will find contribution received from stakeholders.

We specify that the two last comments from Udine and Rijeka Universities have been uploaded later, but have been received within the given deadlines.

Comments

Interested in touristic developent of product all over alpe adria region , coastla and sea tourism, cultural Heritage, active and wellness.

Also my city (Cesenatico) is interested to partecipate a Italia-Croazia program.
Infact, in my city there is an original Museo della Marineria, example of mariner stile of life.
Historical reperts and ancient boats explane important heritage, that rappresenta form of popular culture.
This kind of culture can be object of international studies to diffonde a common tradition and a common past

I would like to enter in contact with Mr. Guerino Lanci . I am working by now on the subject with EURO WHO.

Dear Sirs,

following the Stakeholders Event held in Trieste on 17th June, please find below FONDAZIONE AQUILEIA's proposals for potential actions to be included in the Italy-Croatia CBC programme.
1) Protection of underwater cultural heritage and connections among ancient and contemporary shipping routes aimed at increasing tourism flows with cultural heritage;
2) Development of actions aimed at strengthening the cooperation and exchanges among UNESCO sites and potential UNESCO sites;
3) Development of actions aimed at increasing the attractiveness of the territories through the role of cultural hubs (as archaeological sites) having a leverage effect for cultural and creative industries;
4) Improvement of the potential of cultural heritage sites for the increase of the tourism attractiveness of the programme area;
5) Development of integrated projects for local development based on cultural heritage.

Best regards

Cristiano Tiussi
Fondazione Aquileia - Director

restoration of old buildings and ancient crafts: development of new jobs through old crafts like - for example - boat restoration (in Croatia "batana" in FVG "batela"),

WE have some idea for new project in the field of safety food policy, food cultural heritage, GDP recognition in the Adrion and IT- HR area or even in the EU macroregions

The approach adopted by the EU institutions to consult the citizens (stakeholders), besides the institution leaders, is excellent and useful for meeting the objectives of EU (and national/regional) policies. Thank you for this effort.

The Italy-Croatia Programme is very ambitious, for these factors:
1. Size of the Programme Area and Km of the border line;
2. Financial endowment (€);
3. Targets to be met, i.e. measurable indicators of results, by a community that is not really prepared (I comment on Italy only; we would have better economic and social indicators, e.g. higher employment rate, very low rate of young NEET, competitiveness of its industries, etc.).
4. Lack of previous bilateral cooperation developed according to standard Interreg criteria;
5. Start of activities in late 2016 (beneficiaries will have no spare time);
6. Many potential cross-border activities will not start because of the too focused target (blue growth, cutting out other relevant initiatives).
Thus, the risk is that the territories will not be able to use the budget, leading to budget disengagement.
These observations arise form my direct experience in CBCP Italy-Slovenia 2007-2013. To spend the budget is very challenging for both the MA and the beneficiaries.
There is a need to plan mitigating measures. For instance: special calls for projects ensuring acceleration of budget burning (of course in an efficient and concrete way).

The stakeholders who have met in the Focus Group have suggested some editing of the indicative list of possible actions. Besides that, I remark that sentences tend to mix specific objectives with specific actions. This puzzles applicants, and induces them to writing project proposals that are not very clear even to the evaluators. For instance: "Joint development of supply chains by investing in R&I" is an objective, rather than an action. By contrast, some suggested actions are of limited scope (f.i. "piloting eco-innovative tools), even if this can be widely implemented in the Programme Area. Many other interesting actions for Priority 1 might not be proposed by applicants, for fear not to be eligible or adequately scored.

The budget is definitely too low if the target is to increase the aptitude and potential of innovation of the Programme Area. It should be increased. For instance, specific calls in Priority 1 could be released as a mitigating measure of financial disengagement.

These should be clearly defined as targeted scope of blue growth. The benefit is that applicants that have sound background in this sector R&I will write focused project proposals and this will ease the task of evaluators.
The Programme should foresee the possibility of strategic projects in this sector, because of: 1. sound experience in Italy-Slovenia 2007-2013 (www.innov-h2o.eu); 2. capacity to up-size the operations in a wider area; 3. capacity to establish synergies (capitalisations) with other minor (standard) projects selected by Italy-Croatia Programme (a strategic project might drive other projects); 4. capacity to capitalise with previous R&I projects of IPA_Adriatic 2007-2013; 5. capacity to link to future projects of Adrion; 6. High potential to involve producers and activate knowledge and tech transfer (producers have high level of scientific and technological skills, and are excellent partners); 7. Increasing global business in aquaculture.

To reduce the carbon footprint driven by massive tourism pressure we suggest to support actions for local auto-production of energy both for (public & private) buildings conditioning and heating purposes. In this sense, the development of a network based on pilot demonstration plants could be very useful. Regarding energy system innovative solutions to be widely deployed we suggest mini-eolic at horizontal axes, Photo Voltaic cells coupled with heat pumps and solar collectors coupled with assorbtion chillers (i.e. solar cooling).

The PA4 deals with transport-related issues (IP 7c). The listed possilble actions may be clustered in fewer categories: 1)maritime passenger transport services, in order to offset the consequences of high seasonal tourism demand; 2)improvement of port infrastructure, also through ITS; 3)multimodal connectivity (SSS and improvement or road and rail connections) 4)cooperation between regional airports improving accessibility and intermodality.

In general, it seems to me that, given the geographic proximity, for many issues (e.g. sea pollution, fisheries) the involvement of Slovenian partners is necessary: their inclusion (through the 20% flexibility rule) shoud be envisaged.

Three main types of activities are to be considered for enhancing the conditions for innovation in a cooperative way among differet types of actors (SMEs, big industries, research centres, clusters) in the blue economy sectors:
1. support the develpment of cross-border networks (devoted to technolgy and innovation, i.e. "open labs") and long supply chains. They must be oriented to develop joint innovation (by investing in RDI activities) not only for a TRL increase, but also for the realization of pilot actions and prototypes and near-market applications in one or meor of the blue economy sectors.
2. TRAINING as framework condition: develop the human capital in terms of creating high and specialized training paths on technical contents, long life Learning programmes, enhancing skills of the SMEs also on topics related to markets, internationalization and, generally speaking, "business culture".
3. FINANCING as framework condition: support new ideas and financial tools

Promoting business investment in innovation and research in the agri-food sector to develop links and synergies between enterprises, R&D centres and higher education (…)
to exploit the potential of agricultural resources in a multi purpose use. This approach will generate physical agricultural goods and immaterial goods as landscape values that could make the country more attractive and stimulate the for tourism. An example: use the officinal plants can be used to produce pharmaceutic goods as well as environmental goods.

A seguito:

· dello “Stakeholder Event” del programma INTERREG ITALIA-CROAZIA (17 giugno 2015 - Trieste) e alla partecipazione di OGS al “working group” tematico relativo all’Asse IV;

· della proposta della Capitaneria di Porto di Trieste di inserire nelle azioni eleggibili dell’Asse IV anche il recepimento di direttive comunitarie sui trasporti marittimi quale la ex DIRECTIVE 2002/59/EC “EXSTABILISH A COMMUNITY VESSEL TRAFFIC MONITORING AND INFORMATION SYSTEM AND REPEALING COUCIL DIRECTIVE 93/75/ EEC” e il recepimento di tale direttiva con il D.to L.vo italiano 196/2005;

poiché nella sessione finale “Reports from thematic sessions” non ci risulta sia stata inserita la proposta, segnaliamo che per il bacino adriatico coperto dal programma Italia-Crozia è estremamente necessario prevedere dei sistemi monitoraggio dei flussi di trasporto che sia condiviso dalle Istituzioni competenti Italiane e Croate.

Si fa presente che

· le sole “green solutions nei porti” non sono sufficienti ad evitare l’impatto sull’ambiente e l’ecosistema marino che le grandi navi producono e produrranno, specialmente in un’ottica di aumento dei flussi di container dal Sud-east e Far-East verso il centro Europa.

· i sistemi di monitoraggio dei trasporti marittimi non sono ascrivibili nell’asse 2 “Safety and Resilience” in quanto qui non si tratta di salvaguardare il mare da disastri naturali e errori umani (azioni di tamponamento successive al disastro), ma di dotare il sistema degli stakeholders dei trasporti marittimi di strumenti di rilevazione delle flotte e dei potenziali rischi ad elevato impatto sull’ambiente che esse veicolano (azioni preventive di controllo da parte delle guardie costiere italiane/croate e degli altri enti preposti a ciò).

E’ necessario inoltre sottolineare che ad oggi sistemi integrati di monitoraggio transfrontalieri non sono ancora stati sviluppati in Alto Adriatico, con conseguenti numerose problematiche di gestione per gli operatori.

Date tali premesse si segnala che OGS:

· è centro di competenza della Protezione Civile per controllo e monitoraggio del mare mediante gestione delle boe.

· sta sviluppando all’interno del progetto BALMAS (IPA Adriatico) un sistema di monitoraggio delle ballast waters (acque di zavorra) delle navi portacontainer nei maggiori porti Italiani e dell’Adriatico, in quanto l’ecosistema adriatico negli ultimi anni si è trovato compromesso da una varietà di alghe e pesci alieni prevenienti da altri mari;

· sta sviluppando all’interno del progetto HAZADR (IPA Adriatico) un sistema di monitoraggio del traffico navale in collaborazione con la Protezione Civile. Specificamente OGS detiene un ricevitore AIS per il monitoraggio delle navi (merci e da diporto).

AIS è un sistema adottato obbligatoriamente dalle navi (e facoltativamente dal diporto) per la trasmissione dei propri dati identificativi, analogamente a quanto accade sugli aerei con il transponder. Lo scopo è quello di permettere ad ogni unità in navigazione di visualizzare in tempo reale i dati identificativi del traffico navale attorno a sè, oltre che i rischi di collisione in base alle reciproche rotte e velocità.

AIS è installato nella sede centrale di OGS ed è il secondo ricevitore (di due esistenti in Adriatico) installato in Adriatico. Esso copre la zona dell'alto adriatico da Ancona / Ravenna fino al golfo di Trieste e fino alla costa Slovena/Croata.

· sta sviluppando all’interno del progetto HAZADR (IPA Adriatico) formazione per gli operatori dei trasporti marittimi sulle azioni rilevamento e di contenimento degli sversamenti di oli combustibili in mare.

Alla luce delle suindicate considerazioni, OGS chiede quindi che tali sistemi di monitoraggio possano essere inseriti come azioni finanziabili nell’Asse 4 del futuro programma Italia-Croazia. Ciò consentirebbe tra l’altro di capitalizzare e meglio strutturare i risultati già ottenuti con gli operatori del mare italiani e croati in un’ottica di integrazione sistemica (e quindi anche di armonizzazione legislativa). Risulterebbe inoltre utile che il recepimento delle direttive comunitarie sui trasporti marittimi fosse specificamente indicato anche nei “Result Indicator” o negli “Output Indicators”.

In the specific objective dealing with aquaculture, fish diseases and fish welfare need to be added, as well as development of prophylactic fish feed (nutripharmaceutical feed supplemented with pre- and probiotic cultures) and branding of sustainable Adriatic seafood. Also the budget for this axes should be higher then foreseen, because otherwise it will be impossible to develop, implement and transfer new innovation within stakeholders. Aquaculture should have strategic significance as a primary sector that has suffered stagnation and high impact of past recession in both countries.

I totally agree, aquaculture is a very important sector and is exceeding fishery production. Furthermore sea food processing is quickly developing and is a crucial point in the "blue economy".The budget must be increased in order to involve more SMEs and research institute.

Comment: I think that in this specific goal activities covering monitoring or research of air/aerosol might bring specific added value to the bilateral projects Italia-Crotia. Indeed, atmospheric aerosol influence regional radiation balance, climate change and air quality. Organic species comprise up to 90% by mass of fine aerosol (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 micrometers or PM2.5) and are the least understood component of ambient aerosol due to its complex composition. Thus, characterization and identification of organic aerosol composition in the region of Veneto/Trieste/Kvarner bay up to the molecular level is a prerequisite for determination of aerosol sources, transformation and formation processes in this particular region.

Dear Sirs, I belong to the Italian engineering academic community and I have attended the event of presentation to the stakeholders that took place in Trieste. I am sending you some comments on the proposed Croatia-Italy programme draft. Obviously, as the document was made available only few days before the meeting and the deadline for presenting comment is quite near, it is practically unfeasible to perform, as it would be requested by a so huge programme, a careful study of the document followed by an analysis, probably carried out together with our Croatian counterpart.
It is my impression that the program does not stress enough the need of improving the knowledge in the innovative technical and engineering methodologies for the manufacturing industry. In my opinion this is a key point to increase competitiveness. It is true that the case of shipbuilding industry is mentioned, but this is a quite sector-based industrial field, strongly conditioned by the competition of the far east companies (particularly from Korea) and in which a joint venture among Italian and Croatian enterprises would hardly produce significant results. On the other hand, from my point of view of a member of an Italian university, that has been collaborating with Croatian engineering departments since several years, I can states that the program could give significant possibility of strengthening to the manufacturing industry of both these two countries.
This statement is based on the consideration that the industrial engineer in Italy has a good preparation in the so called applied engineering contents (for instance material science, machine design, virtual prototyping, etc.); otherwise the Italian future technician lacks in fundamental sciences like applied mathematics and numerical calculus, computer programming, etc. Croatian engineering school follows a complementary approach, much stronger in basic theoretical matters, but weaker in applied engineering techniques. This is probably due not only to a traditional cultural attitude, but also to a less industrially populated environment surrounding the Croatian academy.
It can be observed that, mainly in Croatia, but also in Italy, particularly in the “Adriatic side”, industrial enterprises lack of innovation. It is quite surprising that in the Adriatic basin, inhabited by people with a tradition of culture, art that in principle should stimulate innovation and development of original and competitive solutions, all the economical indicators shows a lack of competitiveness skills. In the major part of small and medium enterprises of this area prevails an activity more oriented on manufacturing under external design specifications; it is quite evident the weakness of such industrial system, in consideration of the strong reduction of manufacturing cost that has being offered by the far east.
From the two previous considerations it follows that the high technical education systems of the Adriatic basin could benefits of the Croatia-Italy programme to achieve a coherent reinforcement of theoretical and applied engineering contents typical of the tradition of the two counterparts, thus permitting to built a better future high level technical manager skilled to activate new enterprises oriented to innovation and new product.
I hope that the final program would try to consider the above mentioned aspects, giving more attention to the possibility of initiatives of exchange and collaboration between technical Universities of the two countries in the framework of industrially oriented topics and objectives.
Thank you for your kind attention.

In Specific Object 1.1, Action No 4 (*) please consider the following points:

- Fish diseases
- Fish welfare
- Development of feed
- Sea food processing and marketing of Adriatic products
- Branding of (innovative blue growth) products

Furthermore money allocated to Axis 1 are few (only 10%) compared to other axis, for this would be better to allocate more funds for the Axis 1; moreover it is advisable that Aquaculture is considered as strategic matter in the program.

Due to global trends of promotion of sustainable aquaculture, it should have strategic significance for both countries. Sustainable aquaculture is not possible without implementation of the innovation in the aquatic animals health and welfare. It would result in high quality regional, European sea food which should be properly presented and marketed on the EU market. Testing the results of research in the SMEs and dissemination of results in both countries should facilitate and foster the development of aquaculture sector. The funding stipulated for innovation and internationalisation of blue growth in Adriatic region is far too small for such important economic activities.

Dears,
In relation to open discussion appointed within the Italy-Croatia CBC programme we would like to express some actions and proposals frame of general aquaculture/environment needs. Project can be based on Priority axis 3 SO 3.3 or Axis 1 So 1.1. or split between. The project aims to contribute to the development and dissemination of a well organised and competitive eco-eco (economy-ecology) based mariculture management in Adriatic Sea by promoting of;
-new feeding practices and management
-new technical-technological solution in fish mortality waste colection and shellfish fouling utilisation,
-environmental parameters monitoring for best feeding practise
- High-tech marine land based system (promotive and integrated new industry pathway in land based systems for high value fishes and other marine organisms in dual IMTA aproach).
Product diversification- better understanding of nutritional and health status of potential new fish candidate for production increase in Adriatic basin
Cromaris-d.d.

Aquaculture is an important sector for the adriatic countries and is now exceeding fishery production all over the world. Furthermore sea food processing is quickly changing and a higher interaction between SMEs and researcher is needed. For this reasons the funds must be increased as aquaculture is a crucial point in the Blue economy.

Dear Sirs,

Following our participation in the Stakeholders event held in Trieste on June 17th, 2015 please find below our contribution to the consultation process on the draft CP Italy-Croatia.
In our opinion, cultural heritage should be considered in a broader meaning, including cultural activities as a real chance to add value to the cooperation area. For this reason, we would propose to add the following to the list of possible actions under SO 3.1 - Make natural and cultural heritage a leverage for economic and territorial development:
- sharing knowledge and promoting circulation of culture (for instance artists' residencies)
- exhibitions as an opportunity for developing cultural tourism.

Best regards,
Antonio Giusa
Director - Azienda speciale Villa Manin

It will be worth to mention on Priority axis 4-Maritime transport should be expanded and more connected also for aquaculture innovative and development needs in sense of projecting and building a special polyvalent vessels for purpose of aquaculture logistics such as (waste collectors, feeds carriers , aquaculture barges and barge suppliers, juveniles transports, workforce transportation on distant farms, underwater monitoring vessels, anchoring vessels, on sea packaging vessels , county touristic round trips for aquaculture promotion,).
Designed and build in sense of transport at once, variety of logistics, polyvalence or special design, purpose made and safety as an integral part of aquaculture industry development. As we can see from notices, aquaculture development is on of highest priority in blue economy and there is a natural link for connection maritime and aquaculture also in the sense that both industries can growth according to new EC policy to increase aquaculture production in Europe.
We consider that there is a need for some strategic development joint project connecting some priority axis together which can cover a several pilot’s tehnical-tehnolocigal innovations for further dissemination and transfers of demonstration technology in aquaculture and mutual in maritime sector, and same as priority axis 3- environment. Projects which conect several axis as strategic. That also is giving possibility to increase financial amounts to priority axis 1.1.for a field of aquaculture and gives integrity of activity for maritime and environment filed
Cromaris d.d.

Dear Sirs,

Following our participation in the Stakeholders event held in Trieste on June 17th 2015, please find enclosed our proposals as to the wording of the indicative list of actions under SO 3.1 - Make natural and cultural heritage a leverage for economic and territorial development:
- Development / enhancement of tourism itineraries link to common thematic destinations -> Promotion of cultural activities, exchange and events in view of developing and enhancing cultural tourism itineraries on common themes
- Development of actions of common branding -> Development of common methodologies and technologies for research / divulgation / enhancement of natural and cultural heritage, development of actions of common branding
- Development of cooperation strategies for preservation of cultural heritage -> development of cooperation strategies for the knowledge, preservation and valorisation of natural and cultural heritage
- Digitalization and archiving of common cultural heritage -> Establishment of shared databases in order to improve the knowledge, preservation and valorisation of the area's cultural heritage

Best regards
Rita Auriemma
Director - Regional Institute for Cultural Heritage

Dear Sirs,

after the meeting in Trieste we would like to point out some suggestions and needs emerged by consulting our clients and contacts in the programme area and especially in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region:

PA3 - action proposal
- Linking culture, and especially musical heritage and events, to the development of the economy within the programme area by enhancing tourism (eg. events linked to thematic itineraries)
- Environmental restoration of mining sites and quarries and/or restoration linked to tourism or other social uses

PA4 - some additions to existing actions
- Green upgrading of ships, of port machinery and port activities (e.g. cranes, power supply from shore, cold ironing, fuel switching to LNG, Electro-mobility and handling, retrofitting, etc.)
- Support Multimodal Logistics system and links (physical and operative) between ports and Dry ports
- Promote alternative mobility concepts, e-mobility, and strategies and spatial panning, for freight and passengers especially for facing high seasonal tourism demand / congestion mitigation, including road safety improvement and road deaths reduction

Moreover, considering present socio-economic conditions, another focus point could be social innovation, and especially youth policies aimed at promoting employment and entrepreneurship.

Best regards,
DGR Consulting

Flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) farming could be an interesting opportunity in Adriatic sea, particularly in Italian and Croatian coasts.
as the available supply has decreased, average prices have dramatically increased: the wholesale average price for O. edulis is commonly 3 to 5 times greater than the cheaper Pacific cupped oyster (C. gigas). Therefore, the product now occupies a niche market, and is considered as a luxury seafood item, an expensive delicacy for specialized consumers. Benefits linked to this new business could be the following: an enterprise diversification reduces the business risks; in oyster farming the biotoxin incidence is lower than in mussels farming; an opportunity to implement the tourism with «typical food».

Dear Sirs,

Following our participation in the Stakeholders event held in Trieste on June 17th, 2015, we are happy to contribute to the consultation process by presenting some specific proposals related to the draft CP.

In principle, within SO 3.1 – Make natural and cultural heritage a leverage for economic and territorial development, tourism should be conceived as a tool to achieve TO 6, specifically in what concerns IP 6c – Protecting, promoting and developing cultural and natural heritage, rather than as a goal. Furthermore, in the frame of the same specific objective tourism should be further defined in terms of sustainable tourism.
The common cultural heritage should be intended as including the promotion of cultural activities positively impacting on the cooperation area’s attractiveness, such as cinema / theatre / music festivals.

With regard to SO 3.1 we suggest that the indicative list of possible actions be formulated as follows:

• development of cluster of products typical of the area
• enhancement of cruise and nautical / boat tourism linked to sustainable local development processes
• development / enhancement of natural and cultural thematic itineraries
• development of actions of common branding
• support to cooperation actions for enhancing human resources
• development of cooperation strategies for preservation, management and valorisation of natural and cultural heritage
• support for knowledge and the usability of the cultural and natural heritage destinations by all types of visitors, improving accessibility, information and sustainability awareness, smart use of ICT
• analysis, digitalization and archiving of common cultural heritage (intended as including tangible and intangible heritage)

As far as the result indicator “Tourist overnight in the CBC region (Number)” is concerned, in our opinion this is not consistent with the action foreseen; indeed, it would be crucial to identify one or more indicators referring to natural and cultural heritage.

In addition, such list of possible actions should present a clear link to the priorities relevant to Pillar 4 – Sustainable tourism of the EU Strategy for the Adriatic-Ionian Region, specifically in what concerns the promotion of the Adriatic-Ionian cultural heritage and the enhancement of sustainable and thematic tourist routes.

Best regards,
Elena Mengotti
Autonomous Region Friuli Venezia Giulia - Department for culture, sports and solidarity

The following text replace in some part the original version.

Specific objects 3.1: MAKE NATURAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE A LEVERAGE FOR ECONOMIC AND TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT
Indicative list of possible ACTIONS (on specific object 3.1):

• development of cluster of products typical of the area
• development of marketing/ commercialization programmes for common Adriatic products integrating territorial services and piloting matchmaking actions
• development of cultural and creative industries in order to enhance the economic cooperation in the area
• development of integrated action in order to permit the collaboration among different types of stakeholder (for instance BUSINESS INCUBATORS or ARTISTIC RESIDENCES)
• enhancement of cruise and nautical / boat tourism linked to sustainable local development processes
• development / enhancement itineraries based on common cultural and natural identity or typical products.
• development of actions of common branding
• support to cooperation actions for enhancing human resources
• development of cooperation strategies for preservation, management and valorisation of natural and cultural heritage
• support for knowledge and the usability of the cultural and natural heritage destinations by all
• types of visitors, improving accessibility, information, and sustainability awareness, smart use of
• ICT
• Analysis. digitalization and archiving of common cultural heritage

Indicative list of possible INDICATORS (on specific object 3.1):
Result Indicator
• tourist overnights in the CBC region (Number) - INDICATOR NOT VALID TO THE ACTION FORESEEN,
It’s important to identify one or more indicators those refer to natural and cultural heritage.

Output Indicators
• targeted sites (Number)
• joint initiatives (Number) – all the project are joint initiatives
• integrated tourism products/services created (Number)

In the Specific objective3.1 (Make natural and cultural heritage a leverage for economic and territorial development) it's important to connect the tourism with the cultural institutions and events that exist both in Italy and in Croatia. This can be done by promoting networks, platforms and all kinds of collaborations among institutions that share the same discipline, such as cinema, theatre, arts: these networks can then become promotional means for the territories involved through exchange programs, travel packages in connection with cultural events, a focus on Croatian and Italian cultural products in the respective cultural institutions.
In terms of priorities, this translates into the already present "development / enhancement of tourism itineraries link to common thematic destinations", while I see "development of cooperation strategies for preservation of cultural heritage" as a resut of an investment on the knowledge and awareness of mutual institutions, exchange programs that are not merely a replica of the Erasmus Plus.

Built bridges between cultural activities and cultural heritage. Better define the blue economy trying to embedded also new ICT services.Find new keywords in order to trigger ideas and innovations devoted to ICT and new generation of turistic services. Develop effective cooperation with the goal to arise employment using BLUE-NEW-ICT-ECONOMY.

Since the PA 4 focuses on coastal and maritime transport, in order to give more applicability to the objectives it would be necessary to better integrate the harbour and port's inner harbour frameworks. The action "Adaptation and improvement of port infrastructure and inter-port in relation to operational and managerial aspects" should be integrated with actions "Support port multimodal connectivity through the development of Short - Sea Shipping and the improvement of raid and railway connections" and "Harmonization of administrative procedure and custom rules of Italy-Croatia area for the in/out freight trade": in this way the integration between what happened in and behind the port will concern not only the management but also the infrastructures and authorisations. Themes such as customs rules and procedures are of particular importance to institutions like us, especially with the entry into force of the electronic customs.

Spettabili,
si constata che nel testo del Programma operativo del nuovo Programma di cooperazione transfrontaliera Italia-Croazia non viene menzionato il valore e la ricchezza delle comunità nazionali – delle minoranze per l'intera area programma, in altre parole, il nuovo programma europeo di cooperazione territoriale non prevede lo sviluppo di progettualità per le comunità nazionali quali fattore di crescita e sviluppo dell'area programma, se non con una frase pubblicata alla pagina 13 del testo (Another important element bridging the two shores is represented by national minorities. Italians in Croatia are a recognized part of the population especially in Istria County while Croats are present in some villages in Molise where language and traditions are preserved and valorised at local level.) Visto quanto esposto e soprattutto alla luce dell’ottima collaborazione instaurata tra le comunità nazionali nell’area programma (nel nostro caso tra la comunità nazionale italiana in Croazia e la comunità nazionale slovena in Italia), proponiamo di integrare il testo con la tematica minoritaria ossia che il valore delle comunità nazionali venga incluso in maniera più marcata, in quanto elemento centrale dello sviluppo culturale dell’area programma Italia-Croazia (Priority axis 3, specific objective 3.1) anche in un'ottica turistica.
Cordiali saluti
Slovenska kulturno-gospodarska zveza
Unione Culturale Economica Slovena

Spettabili,
considerando che nel testo del Programma operativo del nuovo Programma di cooperazione transfrontaliera Italia-Croazia non viene menzionato il valore e la ricchezza delle comunità nazionali – delle minoranze per l'intera area programma, in altre parole, il nuovo programma europeo di cooperazione territoriale non prevede lo sviluppo di progettualità per le comunità nazionali quali fattore di crescita e sviluppo dell'area programma. Visto quanto esposto e soprattutto alla luce dell’ottima collaborazione instaurata tra le comunità nazionali nell’area programma, proponiamo di integrare il testo con la tematica minoritaria ossia che il valore delle comunità nazionali venga incluso in maniera più marcata, in quanto elemento centrale dello sviluppo culturale dell’area programma Italia-Croazia (Priority axis 3, specific objective 3.1) anche in un'ottica turistica.
Cordiali saluti
Zveza slovenskih kulturnih društev
Unione dei Circoli Culturali Sloveni

As mentioned in the programme documents and in the reports of the stakeholders meetings, safety of cross-border sea-routes and reduction of their carbon footprint is a very important issue.
Thus, in order to "improve the quality, safety and environmental sustainability of the transport" (SO 4.1), it would be recommended to provide/develop support services for a more efficient, safe, and environmental friendly planing of the cross-border routes (i.e. ship-routing services, marine-weather forecasting services).

Some considerations:
1) The priority axis 1.1 has only one objective focused on Blue Growth so it is important that aquaculture should be explicitly indicated
2) The budget allocated to axis 1 is too low compared to the others
3) Aquaculture is clearly an important sector considering all the included areas are coastal, and it is gaining increasing relevance with respect to fishery production.
4) It however has specific problems relating to fish diseases and welfare, feed, processing and marketing that would clearly be benefited by interaction between SMEs and research groups.

Key actions for "Adriatic Quality Aquaculture" are : studying and sharing solution for fish disease, aim at the fish welfare, controlling environmental sustainability (bioassay monitoring), start up of niche fish farming near sensitive natural areas, relationship between quality fish farming and coastal tourism development, new participatory process for aquaculture co-planning.

The project is very interesting, but as expert of international cultural system (as, for example, the Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe) I suggest to be very careful to the focus of the program on the object 3.1: MAKE NATURAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE A LEVERAGE FOR ECONOMIC AND TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT.
Of course, the heritage is (one of the best) vehicle of promotion (=tourism) in many kinds of local marketing policy. But it is very important also the legacy of the project, that cannot be only the increase of the touristic presences.
I suggest you to include also other indicators, directly connected to the creative cultural SME, to the intangible heritage as “savoir faire” of the traditional handcrafts, etc… The risk is that an “overuse” of the term “tourism” creates a dangerous confusion when the project will be valued.

Inside the aquaculture productions, the mollusc market provide the opportunity to consider some aspects able to support the technological and applied research and to offer added value of crossborder cooperation.
The mollusc aquaculture could promote the blue growth potential of the area because:
- It is sustainable and in harmony with the marine environment
- It could offer opportunities to enhance coastal SME’s economy
- It could characterize branding actions of typical Adriatic sea food linked to tourism economies
- It needs of technological improvement and structured skills development of human resources
- It shows complementarities to other passed and current EU-funded interventions
For these reasons Aquaculture sector appears not only focused on fish based productions but it represents a more diversified economic subject and should be considered as strategic subject in the program

Best regards

Pietro Giorgio Tiscar
University of Teramo (Italy)

In the PA 3 where I have participated in the workshop I wanted to additionally stress out the necessity of raising the visibility of the cultural heritage sites on the Croatian side of the Adriatic sea. Adriatic sea represents the biocenosis/ecosystem in which both countries are located: Italy and Croatia. In this biocenosis the aim of this CBC program is the actualization of the Adriatic sea for the citizens of the EU.
For the Croatian side of the basin, one can stress out the issue of considerably lower visibility of the cultural heritage. The Croatian OP Competitiveness and Cohesion 2014 - 2020 foresees the investments from the ESI structural funds into the cultural heritage projects in percentage of 4%. This percentage of investment needs the extra boost from other EU instruments and therefore the program Italy & Croatia CBC is very welcomed. Croatia is according to the national Strategy for Tourism Development 2020 targeting to raise from the world tourists destination number 31 as it was in the year 2013 for the number 20 in year 2020 and therefor the significant investments in tourism offers mostly in the sustainable brownfield direction is planed.
Then there is the issue of harmonizing the cultural heritage visits density. Namely, in Croatia and as well in Italy there are sites that are very well developed and are currently in a position to be overexploited, for instance the leader of this process is represented by the destination Dubrovnik and Venice.
There are as potential or underdeveloped sites that need to be visible and to become balanced cultural and natural sites. The discrepancy between the two should be considered in programming the PA SO 3.2. I suggest the different actions to be emphasized according to the state of cultural and natural exploration. For instance, to foresee the actions for directing the touristic interest in the wider space of a too exploited site, this gives the opportunity of prolonging the activities of the visitor and reducing the pressure on the specific sites.
Emphasize the activities of sites to become listed as the UNESCO heritage site and other labels for instance European heritage label.
I suggest as well the indicator of overnight not to be represented in an only numerical way, but rather to be presented as a percentage of the development based on the current status.

In Specific Object 1.1, Action No 4 (*) please consider the following points:

- Fish diseases
- Fish welfare
- Development of feed
- Sea food processing and marketing of Adriatic products
- Branding of (innovative blue growth) products

Furthermore money allocated to Axis 1 are few (only 10%) compared to other axis, for this would be better to allocate more funds for the Axis 1; moreover it is advisable that Aquaculture is considered as strategic matter in the program.

In Specific Object 1.1, Action No 4 please consider the following points:

- Fish diseases
- Fish welfare
- New raw materials for fish feed
- Aquaculture social and environmental sustainability
- Processing and marketing of Adriatic aquaculture products
- Branding of (innovative blue growth) products and aquaculture technologies

Furthermore money allocated to Axis 1 are few (only 10%) compared to other axis, for this would be better to allocate more funds for the Axis 1; moreover it is advisable that Aquaculture is considered as strategic matter in the program.

Subject

Priority Axis 1 : Innovation and internationalization

 

Comment

In Specific Object 1.1, Action No 4  (*) please consider the following points:

 
- Fish diseases
- Fish welfare
- Development of feed
- Sea food processing and marketing of Adriatic products
- Branding of (innovative blue growth) products
- selective breeding for disease resistance and feed efficiency
 

Furthermore money allocated to Axis 1 are few (only 10%) compared to other axis, for this would be better to allocate more funds for the Axis 1; moreover it is advisable that Aquaculture is considered as strategic matter in the program.

In relation to the presentation held in Triest on Priority Axis 3 we suggest some actions:
- Creation of transborder cultural network through the joint organization of symphonic/orchestral7chamber music by the orchestra of the two countries
- Territory strengthen through the creation of events in cooperation with touristic stakeholders, both public and private
- Working on both side of the Adriatic sea on an unique cultural and touristic product
- Strengthening of promotional initiatives of the two territories through artistic and cultural interventions
- Creation of permanent working table involving cultural and touristic stakeholder.

Notes and comments of University of Udine on the draft PO Interreg Italia-Croatia 2014-2020 (version may 2015).

General remarks.
Blue economy – green economy
Although the Adriatic sea is of course the main common element of the programming area, it is clear that in all regions there is a “green” hinterland that is crucial to give social, economic and environmental sustainability to the coast.
This is recognized in the section 1 of the draft PO (Tourism is one of the most important industries in the whole Adriatic area, …. It is focused on coastal touristic offer, maritime/nautical tourism, cultural assets and attractions around big cities, and in the last 10 years – rural and agro tourism in hinterland).
Natura 2000 sites, which are very important inside TO 3, are located not only on the coast but even on the hinterland (see Friuli Venezia Giulia, Marche, Abruzzo and Puglia for Italy) and Gorski Kotar for example in Croatia.
Even UNESCO sites are not concentrated only on the coasts: Dolomiti, Cividale, Trulli, Castel del Monte, Plitivice.
In point 1.1.1.5 of the draft PO, strategic orientation of the programme it is declared that ……. an essential role of the blue and green economy for the sustainable regional growth in the cooperation area.
For such reason our proposal is to clearly define the term blue growth including not only maritime and marine features but even rural features essential to the growth of the whole programme area.

Strategic projects
In the past programming period on many territorial cooperation programmes, besides to “traditional” projects, strategic projects have been approved and realized, many of them very successfully. We ask to include the possibility for Italy-Croatia programme to support strategic projects for many reasons:
• the total programme budget is high and there can be enough room both for traditional and for bigger strategic projects;
• strategic projects may have a great impact on the development of the territory, considering that they may involve a high number of partners and represent different actors (public authorities, research centers, enterprises, associations);
• strategic projects, if appropriately selected, may ensure a strong management structure which may be crucial considering that ITA-CRO programme is a “new” programme with no background experience;
• there is the possibility to learn from best practices in the other previous programmes that adopted the strategic projects approach.
Priority axis and specific objectives.
Axis 1
In line with the EU regulations, this axes must be coherent with regional Smart Specialisation Strategies. Here we only point out which are the S3 of Friuli Venezia Giulia and Croatia, as defined in the EU S3 platform:
FVG:
1. Agrifood
2. Maritime technologies
3. Culture, creativity and tourism
4. Smart health
5. Smart manufacturing and related services
CROATIA:
1. Transport and mobility
2. Energy and sustainable environment
3. Bio-economy
4. Health and quality of life
5. Agro-food
Health and agro-food are common strategic sectors which at the moment we do not see indicated in the draft PO programme.
Moreover, considering the ambitions of the investment priority and the importance that in such priority will have local enterprises (mainly SMEs, that may create important impact on socio-economic development of the whole programme area) we suggest an increase of the budget, even to have a more balanced division among the different programme axis.
On the list of actions, we have some suggestions to make some of them more wide and general:
• Joint development of activities for the reorganization of production processes in the programme territory across the Global Value Chains by investing in research and innovation ;
• Joint design and testing of innovative processes to reinforce social innovation in the programme area;
• Joint design and testing of innovative processes in acquaculture and fisheries.
Issues as new skills and competences, awareness rising and system harmonization may be considered as specific parts of funded projects and not as actions in themselves.

Axis 2
Investment priority 5a and 5b.
In this axis we want to support the inclusion of a reference to the BIOLOGICAL vulnerability of the territory, considering the introduction and establishment of exotic (or re-emerging) pests and plant pathogens as a major risk.
The recent events following the introduction of the phytopathogenic bacterium Xylella fastidiosa in Apulia, with terrific consequences on the local oliviculture, clearly demonstrated the social and economic relevance of plant disease epidemics.
The consequences of such events of biological adaptation, for which outbreaks and epidemic potential are often unexpected, need an extended network of competences, monitoring and diagnostic capacity, modelling and active reaction ability in order to be promptly evidenced and contained.
In addition to the introduction of exotic organisms, another major biological weakness of the territory interested by the programme is the change in the mycotoxin and phycotoxin pattern that is being experienced in the last years. Due to climate change, unusual mycotoxins and phycotoxins have been recently detected, and well known mycotoxins regarded so far as a concern in restricted areas had become more widespread, with peaks of severe contamination that caused major social and economic concern.
Moreover we ask to extend all the actions to internal areas connected with the maritime environment.
In priority 5a. we propose to modify:
* Elaborations of action plans and other instruments for climate change adaptation on coastal areas - to be extended to internal area connected to maritime enviroment (i.e. rivers) and activities (i.e. tourism, good transports). To take into account also eco system and impact on natural environment connected to climate change.
Territory : To be extended to internal area

In priority 5b. we propose to modify:
* Setting up of common framework/models/tools and pilot actions to promote the reduction of environmental risks and common management of the emergencies – to change the word “common management” in “harmonized or integrated management”
In detail in priority 5b. we propose to add:
* construction of a collaborative network for the management of pests, plant diseases, mycotoxins and phycotoxins, to collect and elaborate relevant field information, coordinate monitoring and diagnostics, provide references and standard protocols, identify relevant local factors, develop prediction models, and act as a reliable reference for decision processes.
Territory : To be extended to internal area

Axis 3
In axis 3 (Environment and Cultural Heritage) we want to underline the green dimension of the blue economy (see General Remarks). In particular, referring to SO 3.1 we drawn attention to the necessity to promote also in the Adriatic Basin the multifunctional role of agricultural, forestal and fishing activities. A significant dimension of multifunctionality really refers to tourism and recreational activities according to a sustainability perspective, especially as regards eco-tourism. Moreover it is necessary to point out the social dimension of primary sector as it has the ability to maintain and strengthen the relational capital and the quality of life of local communities.
For the above mentioned reasons we propose to include the following actions, within the frame of the thematic objective 6, the Investment priority 6c and/or 6d/6f:
• Common actions for implementing coordinated Landscape Planning and Integrated Landscape Management to safeguard and promote landscape (marine, coastal and rural) as a mean to support economic and territorial development;
• Development of innovative models for the creation of common experiences and operative networks among agro-food, acquaculture and fishing enterprises able to provide ecosystem services;
• Quality development, promotion and marketing of local typical products as a mean to improve/diversify tourist offer quality;
• Implementation of networks within NATURA 2000 protected areas (including the creation of new protected areas if necessary) to ensure environmental protection but also environmental promotion to support quality and sustainable tourist offer;
• Development of common educational programmes in the field of tourism connected to natural and cultural heritage promotion.

Axis 4
We propose to add the following actions:
- Infrastructure monitoring activities: provided that infrastructures cannot be funded through the program, monitoring activities on existing infrastructures could provide a clear picture of the necessary investments, to be financed through other financing programs.
- Relation between ports and cities: multimodality, e-mobility, mobility plans and smart mobility, governance

Specific objective SO 3.3. Improve the conditions of the environmental quality of the Adriatic basin by use of sustainable and innovative technologies and approaches to reduce pollution

- Comment: I think that in this specific goal activities covering monitoring or research of air/aerosol might bring specific added value to the bilateral projects Italia-Crotia. Indeed, atmospheric aerosol influence regional radiation balance, climate change and air quality. Organic species comprise up to 90% by mass of fine aerosol (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 micrometers or PM2.5) and are the least understood component of ambient aerosol due to its complex composition. Thus, characterization and identification of organic aerosol composition in the region of Veneto/Trieste/Kvarner bay up to the molecular level is a prerequisite for determination of aerosol sources, transformation and formation processes in this particular region.

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